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Agency: Ministerstvo oborony Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Minoborony Rossii)
[Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation]
Voenno-memorial'nyi tsentr vooruzhennykh sil RF
[Armed Forces Military-Memorial Center of Russian Federation]
Chief: Aleksandr Valentinovich Kirillin
Deputy Chief: Valerii Alekseevich Filippov (tel. 296-47-60)
A Historico-Archival and Military-Memorial Center of the General Staff of the Armed Forces was established in 1991, and in 1997, its name was changed to the Military History Center of the Armed Forces. In 1999 the Center was reorganized as the Archival Service and a separate Military Memorial Center was established.
The Archival Service supervises the historico-archival work of the Armed Forces. It is responsible for the three military archives under Ministry of Defense jurisdiction, which maintain records of the Soviet Army and Navy from 1941 to the present--the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense (TsAMO) in Podol'sk (C-4), the Central Naval Archive in Gatchina (C-5), and the Archive of Military Medical Records of the Military Medical Museum (VMM) in St. Petersburg. Since the Archival Service is under the direct authority of the General Staff, the ongoing agency (tekushchii) archive of the General Staff also falls under the jurisdiction of the Center. It does not, however, control the separate archive of the defense intelligence agency, the Chief Intelligence Directorate (Glavnoe razvedyvatel'noe upravlenieóGRU), which is maintained separately. According to the most recent law on intelligence agencies, GRU has increased control over its own records, which are considered a special object of state security.
The Archival Service processes official inquiries regarding documents, archival access (especially for foreign researchers), and photocopying. The Archival Service also processes inquiries of a socio- legal nature related to military service in the Armed Forces of the former Soviet Union.
The separate Military Memorial Center handles memorial activities of the Armed Forces, usually unrelated to archival functions. It maintains an extensive database with information about military cemeteries, including memorials abroad.
Researchers seeking access should submit written applications well in advance directly to the individual archives (see below).